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China supplier 6417 Size 85*210*52mm Open Metric Single Row Deep Groove Ball Bearing for Agricultural Machinery Pump Motor Auto Motorcycle Bicycle Industry near me manufacturer

Product Description

Product Description

Car Model ALL
OEM Available
hub bearing type wheel bearing
Material Steel
Warranty 1 Year
Brand Name penso
Clearance C0,C2,C3


HangZhou Pengshuo Imp&Exp Trade(factory) Co., LTD, is a factory specialized in bearings, especially Wheel Bearings, Deep Groove Ball Bearings, Cylindrical Roller Bearings and so on. We specialize in this field for 15 years, with the strength of productions and detection equipment, high-quality engineering technical personnel, and employees.
We also specialize in Imp&Exp for 6 years. We had agency in Nigeria, to promote our own bearing brand”LION”.Our products had adopted ISO9001:2000 Quality System Authorities. 
For more details, we’d like you to browse the attachment below.

1. How can I get the price?
-We usually quote within 24 hours after we get your inquiry(Except weekend and holidays). If you are very urgent to get the price, please email us or contact us in other ways so that we can offer you a quote.

2. Can I buy samples placing orders?
-Yes. Please feel free to contact us.

3. What is your lead time?
-It depends on the order quantity and the season you place the order.
Usually, we can ship within 7-15 days for small quantity and about 30 days for large quantity.

4. What is your payment term?
-T/T, Western Union, MoneyGram, and Paypal. This is negotiable.

5. What is the shipping method?
-It could be shipped by sea, by air or by express(EMS, UPS, DHL, TNT, FEDEX and etc). Please confirm with us before placing orders.

6. How do you make our business long-term and a good relationship?
-a. We keep good quality and competitive price to ensure our customers benefit ;
-b. We respect every customer as our friend and we sincerely do business and make friends with them, no matter where they come from.


Types of Ball Bearings

In their most basic form, Ball Bearings have 1 common feature – they are made of steel. The majority of these bearings are made of 52100 steel, which has 1 percent chromium and 1 percent carbon. The steel can be hardened by heat trea
tment. 440C stainless steel is used for rusting problems. A cage around the ball balls is traditionally made from thin steel. However, some bearings use molded plastic cages to save money and friction.

Single-row designs

Steel linear translation stages often use single-row designs for ball bearings. These types of bearings provide smooth linear travel and can withstand high loads. The material steel has a high modulus of elasticity and a high stiffness, as well as a lower thermal expansion than aluminum. For these reasons, steel is the material of choice for a ball bearing in a typical user environment. Single-row designs for ball bearings are also suitable for applications in humid or corrosive environments.
Single-row designs for ball bearings are available in a variety of sizes and are axially adjustable. They have a high radial capacity, but require relatively little space. Single-row deep groove ball bearings with snap rings are STN 02 4605 or R47, respectively. Bearings with snap rings are identified by a suffix such as NR. They may not have seals or shields installed.
These single-row angular contact ball bearings are capable of supporting axial and radial loads. In a two-raceway arrangement, the radial load on bearing A causes a radial load to act on bearing B. Both axial and radial forces are transmitted between single-row angular contact ball bearings, and the resulting internal force must be taken into account to calculate equivalent dynamic bearing loads P.
Single-row deep groove ball bearings are the most common type of ball bearings. These bearings are designed with only 1 row of rolling elements. The single-row design is simple and durable, which makes it ideal for high-speed applications. Single-row designs for ball bearings are also available in various bore sizes. They can also come in a variety of shapes and are non-separable. If you need a high-speed bearing, you may want to opt for a double-row design.
In addition to single-row designs for ball bearings, you can choose ceramic or steel ball bearings. Ceramic balls are considerably harder than steel balls, but they are not as hard as steel. Hence, ceramic bearings are stiffer than steel ball bearings, resulting in increased stress on the outer race groove and lower load capacity. This is a great benefit for those who need the bearings to be lightweight and strong.
The difference between single-row and double-row designs is in the way that the inner and outer ring are installed. A single-row design places the inner ring in an eccentric position relative to the outer ring. The 2 rings are in contact at 1 point, which causes a large gap in the bearing. The balls are then inserted through the gap. As a result, the balls are evenly distributed throughout the bearing, which forces the inner and outer rings to become concentric.
Deep-groove ball bearings are 1 of the most popular types of ball bearings. They are available in different designs, including snap-ring, seal and shield arrangements. The race diameter of a deep-groove ball bearing is close to the ball’s diameter. These types of bearings are suited for heavy loads, and their axial and radial support are excellent. Their main drawback is that the contact angle cannot be adjusted to accommodate a wide range of relative loads.

Ceramic hybrid ball bearings

Hybrid ball bearings with ceramic balls have numerous advantages. They feature improved kinematic behavior and require less lubrication. Consequently, they can reduce operating costs. Additionally, their low thermal expansion coefficient allows for smaller changes in contact angle and preload variations, and they can retain tolerances. Furthermore, ceramic hybrid ball bearings have significantly increased life spans compared to conventional steel-steel ball bearings, with up to 10 times the lifespan.
Although ceramic bearings can be used in automotive applications, many people believe that they’re a poor choice for bicycle hubs. They don’t reduce weight and only work well in high-rpm environments. As a result, many cyclists don’t even bother with ceramic-based bearings. However, both Paul Lew and Alan are of the opinion that ceramic bearings are best suited for industrial or medical equipment applications. Furthermore, Paul and Alan believe that they are ideal for high-altitude drone motors.
Another advantage of ceramic hybrid ball bearings is that they use less friction than conventional steel-based balls. They are also more durable, requiring less lubrication than steel-based bearings. Furthermore, the lower friction and rolling resistance associated with ceramic-based ball bearings means that they can last 10 times longer than steel-based bearings. A ceramic-based hybrid ball bearing can be used for applications where speed and lubrication are critical.
Ceramic hybrid ball bearings feature both steel and silicon nitride balls. Silicon nitride balls have 50% more modulus of elasticity than steel balls and can improve accuracy and precision. Ceramic balls also have a smoother surface finish than steel balls, which reduces vibration and spindle deflection. These benefits result in increased speed and improved production quality. In addition to this, ceramic balls can also reduce the operating temperature, enhancing the work environment.
Hybrid bearings are a popular alternative to steel bearings. They have some benefits over traditional steel bearings, and are becoming a popular choice for engineered applications. Hybrid bearings are ideal for high speed machines. The material used to manufacture ceramic balls is a high-quality alloy, and is comparatively inexpensive. But you must understand that lubrication is still necessary for hybrid bearings. If you are not careful, you may end up wasting money.
These ball bearings can be used in many industries and applications, and they are widely compatible with most metals. The main advantage of hybrid ball bearings is that they are very durable. While steel balls tend to corrode and wear out, ceramic ball bearings can withstand these conditions while minimizing maintenance and replacement costs. The benefits of hybrid ball bearings are clear. So, consider switching to these newer types of ball bearings.

Self-aligning ball bearings

Self-aligning ball bearings are a good choice for many applications. They are a great alternative to traditional ball bearings, and they are ideal for rotating applications in which the shaft must move in several directions. They are also ideal for use in rotating parts where a tight tolerance is necessary. You can choose between 2 types: plain and flex shaft. Read on to find out which 1 will suit your needs.
Self-aligning ball bearings are designed with a higher axial load carrying capacity than single-row radial deep groove ball bearings. The amount of axial load carrying capacity is dependent upon the pressure angle. These bearings have a hollow raceway in the outer ring that allows the inner ring to pivot without friction. They are often used for high-speed applications. Because of their design, they are highly accurate.
Self-aligning ball bearings are radial bearings that feature 2 rows of balls in a spherical outer ring. They also feature 2 deep uninterrupted raceway grooves in the inner ring. Their unique features make them an excellent choice for applications where shaft deflection is a significant factor. Despite their small size, they have a high level of precision and can withstand heavy loads.
Self-aligning ball bearings can compensate for misalignment in shaft applications. The inner ring and ball assembly are positioned inside an outer ring containing a curved raceway. This spherical design allows the balls and cage to deflect and re-align around the bearing center. These bearings are also ideal for applications where shaft deflection is significant, such as in simple woodworking machinery.
Another type of self-aligning ball bearing uses a common concave outer race. Both balls and outer races automatically compensate for angular misalignment caused by machining, assembly, and deflections. Compared to spherical rollers, they have lower frictional losses than their spherical counterparts. Self-alignment ball bearings also have lower vibration levels compared to other types of bearings.
Self-aligning ball bearings operate in misaligned applications because their spherical outer raceway can accommodate misalignment. This design allows them to work in applications where shaft deflection or housing deformation is common. They are therefore more suitable for low to medium-sized loads. The only real drawback to self-aligning ball bearings is their price. If you need to purchase a self-aligning ball bearing for your next project, you can expect to pay around $1500.

China supplier 6417 Size 85*210*52mm Open Metric Single Row Deep Groove Ball Bearing for Agricultural Machinery Pump Motor Auto Motorcycle Bicycle Industry     near me manufacturer China supplier 6417 Size 85*210*52mm Open Metric Single Row Deep Groove Ball Bearing for Agricultural Machinery Pump Motor Auto Motorcycle Bicycle Industry     near me manufacturer

China Best Sales OEM Preicison Machining Sand Casting Ductile Iron CNC Milling Turning Auto Pump Motor Engine Cover Agricultural Holder Auto Parts near me shop

Product Description

Company Profile

Company Profile

HangZhou Xihu (West Lake) Dis. Gain Machinery Co., Ltd., is a manufacture of precision machining from steel plates, castings & closed die forgings. It is founded in 2571 year, covers a total area of about 2000 square meters.
Around 50 people are employed, including 4 engineers.

The company equipped with 10 oblique CZPT CNC Lathes, 35 normal CNC lathes, 6 machining centers, other milling machines and drilling machines.

The Products cover construction parts, auto parts, medical treatment, aerospace, electronics and other fields, exported to Japan, Israel & other Asian countries and Germany, the United States, Canada & other European and American countries.

Certificated by TS16949 quality management system.

Equipment Introduction

Main facility and working range, inspection equipment as follow

4 axles CNC Machine Center 1000mm*600mm*650mm
Oblique Xihu (West Lake) Dis. CNC Machine max φ800mm
max length 700mm
Tolerance control within 0.01
One time clamping, high accuracy
Turning-milling Compound Machining Center max φ800mm
max length 1000mm
Other CNC Lathe Total 30 sets
Inspection Equipment CMM, Projector, CZPT Scale, Micrometer
Profiloscope, Hardness tester and so on

Oblique Xihu (West Lake) Dis. CNC Lathe

Equipped with 10 sets of oblique CZPT CNC Lathes The maximum diameter can be 400-500 mm Precision can reach 0.01mm

Machining Center

6 sets of 4 axles machining center, max SPEC: 1300*70mm, precision can reach 0.01mm

About Products

Quality Control


We always want to be precise, so check dimensions after each production step. We have senior engineers, skilled CNC operator, professional quality inspector. All this makes sure the final goods are high qualified.

Also can do third parity inspection accoring to customer’s reequirments, such as SGS, TUV, ICAS and so on.

Callipers/Height guage
Thread guage
Go/ no go guage
Inside micrometer
Outside micrometer
Micron scale

Hardness tester



Inspection Process


1. Before machining, the engineer will give away the technology card for each process acc. to drawing for quality control.
2. During the machining, the workers will test the dimensions at each step, then marked in the technology card.
3. When machining finished, the professional testing personnel will do 100% retesting again.


Packing Area


In general, the products will be packed in bubble wrap or separated by plywoods firstly.
Then the wrapped products will be put in the wooden cases (no solid wood), which is allowed for export.
Parts can also be packed acc. to customer’s requirement.

How to Calculate Stiffness, Centering Force, Wear and Fatigue Failure of Spline Couplings

There are various types of spline couplings. These couplings have several important properties. These properties are: Stiffness, Involute splines, Misalignment, Wear and fatigue failure. To understand how these characteristics relate to spline couplings, read this article. It will give you the necessary knowledge to determine which type of coupling best suits your needs. Keeping in mind that spline couplings are usually spherical in shape, they are made of steel.

Involute splines

An effective side interference condition minimizes gear misalignment. When 2 splines are coupled with no spline misalignment, the maximum tensile root stress shifts to the left by 5 mm. A linear lead variation, which results from multiple connections along the length of the spline contact, increases the effective clearance or interference by a given percentage. This type of misalignment is undesirable for coupling high-speed equipment.
Involute splines are often used in gearboxes. These splines transmit high torque, and are better able to distribute load among multiple teeth throughout the coupling circumference. The involute profile and lead errors are related to the spacing between spline teeth and keyways. For coupling applications, industry practices use splines with 25 to 50-percent of spline teeth engaged. This load distribution is more uniform than that of conventional single-key couplings.
To determine the optimal tooth engagement for an involved spline coupling, Xiangzhen Xue and colleagues used a computer model to simulate the stress applied to the splines. The results from this study showed that a “permissible” Ruiz parameter should be used in coupling. By predicting the amount of wear and tear on a crowned spline, the researchers could accurately predict how much damage the components will sustain during the coupling process.
There are several ways to determine the optimal pressure angle for an involute spline. Involute splines are commonly measured using a pressure angle of 30 degrees. Similar to gears, involute splines are typically tested through a measurement over pins. This involves inserting specific-sized wires between gear teeth and measuring the distance between them. This method can tell whether the gear has a proper tooth profile.
The spline system shown in Figure 1 illustrates a vibration model. This simulation allows the user to understand how involute splines are used in coupling. The vibration model shows 4 concentrated mass blocks that represent the prime mover, the internal spline, and the load. It is important to note that the meshing deformation function represents the forces acting on these 3 components.

Stiffness of coupling

The calculation of stiffness of a spline coupling involves the measurement of its tooth engagement. In the following, we analyze the stiffness of a spline coupling with various types of teeth using 2 different methods. Direct inversion and blockwise inversion both reduce CPU time for stiffness calculation. However, they require evaluation submatrices. Here, we discuss the differences between these 2 methods.
The analytical model for spline couplings is derived in the second section. In the third section, the calculation process is explained in detail. We then validate this model against the FE method. Finally, we discuss the influence of stiffness nonlinearity on the rotor dynamics. Finally, we discuss the advantages and disadvantages of each method. We present a simple yet effective method for estimating the lateral stiffness of spline couplings.
The numerical calculation of the spline coupling is based on the semi-analytical spline load distribution model. This method involves refined contact grids and updating the compliance matrix at each iteration. Hence, it consumes significant computational time. Further, it is difficult to apply this method to the dynamic analysis of a rotor. This method has its own limitations and should be used only when the spline coupling is fully investigated.
The meshing force is the force generated by a misaligned spline coupling. It is related to the spline thickness and the transmitting torque of the rotor. The meshing force is also related to the dynamic vibration displacement. The result obtained from the meshing force analysis is given in Figures 7, 8, and 9.
The analysis presented in this paper aims to investigate the stiffness of spline couplings with a misaligned spline. Although the results of previous studies were accurate, some issues remained. For example, the misalignment of the spline may cause contact damages. The aim of this article is to investigate the problems associated with misaligned spline couplings and propose an analytical approach for estimating the contact pressure in a spline connection. We also compare our results to those obtained by pure numerical approaches.


To determine the centering force, the effective pressure angle must be known. Using the effective pressure angle, the centering force is calculated based on the maximum axial and radial loads and updated Dudley misalignment factors. The centering force is the maximum axial force that can be transmitted by friction. Several published misalignment factors are also included in the calculation. A new method is presented in this paper that considers the cam effect in the normal force.
In this new method, the stiffness along the spline joint can be integrated to obtain a global stiffness that is applicable to torsional vibration analysis. The stiffness of bearings can also be calculated at given levels of misalignment, allowing for accurate estimation of bearing dimensions. It is advisable to check the stiffness of bearings at all times to ensure that they are properly sized and aligned.
A misalignment in a spline coupling can result in wear or even failure. This is caused by an incorrectly aligned pitch profile. This problem is often overlooked, as the teeth are in contact throughout the involute profile. This causes the load to not be evenly distributed along the contact line. Consequently, it is important to consider the effect of misalignment on the contact force on the teeth of the spline coupling.
The centre of the male spline in Figure 2 is superposed on the female spline. The alignment meshing distances are also identical. Hence, the meshing force curves will change according to the dynamic vibration displacement. It is necessary to know the parameters of a spline coupling before implementing it. In this paper, the model for misalignment is presented for spline couplings and the related parameters.
Using a self-made spline coupling test rig, the effects of misalignment on a spline coupling are studied. In contrast to the typical spline coupling, misalignment in a spline coupling causes fretting wear at a specific position on the tooth surface. This is a leading cause of failure in these types of couplings.

Wear and fatigue failure

The failure of a spline coupling due to wear and fatigue is determined by the first occurrence of tooth wear and shaft misalignment. Standard design methods do not account for wear damage and assess the fatigue life with big approximations. Experimental investigations have been conducted to assess wear and fatigue damage in spline couplings. The tests were conducted on a dedicated test rig and special device connected to a standard fatigue machine. The working parameters such as torque, misalignment angle, and axial distance have been varied in order to measure fatigue damage. Over dimensioning has also been assessed.
During fatigue and wear, mechanical sliding takes place between the external and internal splines and results in catastrophic failure. The lack of literature on the wear and fatigue of spline couplings in aero-engines may be due to the lack of data on the coupling’s application. Wear and fatigue failure in splines depends on a number of factors, including the material pair, geometry, and lubrication conditions.
The analysis of spline couplings shows that over-dimensioning is common and leads to different damages in the system. Some of the major damages are wear, fretting, corrosion, and teeth fatigue. Noise problems have also been observed in industrial settings. However, it is difficult to evaluate the contact behavior of spline couplings, and numerical simulations are often hampered by the use of specific codes and the boundary element method.
The failure of a spline gear coupling was caused by fatigue, and the fracture initiated at the bottom corner radius of the keyway. The keyway and splines had been overloaded beyond their yield strength, and significant yielding was observed in the spline gear teeth. A fracture ring of non-standard alloy steel exhibited a sharp corner radius, which was a significant stress raiser.
Several components were studied to determine their life span. These components include the spline shaft, the sealing bolt, and the graphite ring. Each of these components has its own set of design parameters. However, there are similarities in the distributions of these components. Wear and fatigue failure of spline couplings can be attributed to a combination of the 3 factors. A failure mode is often defined as a non-linear distribution of stresses and strains.

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